Drugs & Medications - sodium phosphates Oral
sodium phosphates oral
sodium phosphates oral Warnings
Rarely, serious kidney problems have occurred with the use of this product. Heart failure, kidney disease, or being older than 55 years can increase the risk. Taking certain medications that can affect the kidneys (see Drug Interactions section) can also increase the risk. If any of these cautions apply to you, talk with your doctor before using this drug.
sodium phosphates oral Uses
Your doctor may prescribe this product (usually along with other products) to clean stool from the intestines before surgery or certain bowel procedures (such as colonoscopy, radiography). Use it only as directed by your doctor. It may also be used to relieve occasional constipation. However, when treating constipation, you should use milder products (such as stool softeners, bulk-forming laxatives) whenever possible. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about other treatment options.
Sodium phosphate is a saline laxative that is thought to work by increasing fluid in the small intestine. It usually results in a bowel movement after 30 minutes to 6 hours.
Do not use this medication in children unless directed by the doctor.How to use sodium phosphates oral
Read and follow all directions on the product package. If your doctor has directed you to use this product before surgery or a bowel procedure, he or she should tell you how long before the surgery/procedure you should take this product. Follow your doctor's directions closely. If you are uncertain about any of the information, consult your doctor or pharmacist. To improve the taste, this product may be chilled in the refrigerator before use. Do not freeze.
Mix your dose in at least 4 ounces (120 milliliters) of liquid. If you are using the powdered form, follow the directions on the label for mixing. Drink the mixed solution. Since your bowel movements can be very large/watery, drink plenty of clear liquids so that you do not lose too much body water (become dehydrated). If you are using this product to prepare for surgery/a bowel procedure, drink at least 6 glasses (8 ounces or 240 milliliters each) of clear liquid unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Doing so will help prevent serious side effects (e.g., kidney problems, dehydration). Talk with your doctor about types of liquids you can drink before your procedure.
Dosage is based on your medical condition, procedure, age, and response to treatment. Do not use the higher dose (used for bowel cleansing before a procedure) unless directed by your doctor. Do not use this medication more often than once in 24 hours unless directed by your doctor.
Do not use any other laxative products while using this product unless directed by your doctor. Doing so may increase your risk for severe side effects.
If you are seeing a doctor for any medical problems, are on a salt-restricted diet, or if you are taking any other medications, do not use this medication to treat yourself for constipation without consulting your doctor.
This medication may cause a condition known as laxative dependence, especially if it has been used regularly for more than 7 days. In such cases, ongoing constipation and loss of normal bowel function may occur. For most people with occasional constipation, a bulk-forming laxative (e.g., psyllium) or a stool softener (e.g., docusate) is a better and safer product. To prevent laxative dependence, consult your doctor if you need to use this medication for more than 7 days.
Stop using this product and contact your doctor promptly if you do not have a bowel movement within 6 hours of using this product, if you have symptoms of dehydration (see Side Effects section), if you bleed from the rectum, or if you think you may have a serious medical problem.
sodium phosphates oral Side Effects
Mild abdominal discomfort/cramps, gas, or nausea may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, contact your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
If your doctor has directed you to use this product, remember that he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this product do not have serious side effects.
Serious side effects are unlikely to occur unless this product is used for a long time or in doses that are too high. Tell your doctor immediately if any of these unlikely but serious side effects occur: severe or persistent stomach/abdominal pain, bloody stools, rectal bleeding, mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion, unusual drowsiness), muscle weakness/spasm, persistent diarrhea, swelling of the hands/ankles/feet, change in the amount of urine.
Seek immediate medical attention if any of these rare but very serious side effects occur: chest pain, slow/irregular/fast heartbeat, seizures.
Persistent diarrhea may result in a serious loss of body water (dehydration). Contact your doctor promptly if you notice any symptoms of dehydration, such as unusual decreased urination, unusual dry mouth/increased thirst, lack of tears, dizziness/lightheadedness, or pale/wrinkled skin.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any symptoms of a serious allergic reaction, including: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
In Canada - Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to Health Canada at 1-866-234-2345.
sodium phosphates oral Precautions
Before taking sodium phosphate, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients, which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: a certain heart problem (congestive heart failure), serious loss of body water (dehydration), low levels of certain minerals in the blood (e.g., potassium, calcium), high levels of certain minerals in the blood (e.g., sodium, phosphate), kidney disease, intestinal blockage (obstruction).
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: current stomach/abdominal symptoms (e.g., pain, cramping, persistent nausea/vomiting), other bowel problems (e.g., ulcerative colitis, hemorrhoids), laxative use for constipation in the past week, heart disease (e.g., chest pain, irregular heartbeat, edema), liver disease, sodium-restricted diet.
This medicine may contain aspartame or phenylalanine. If you have phenylketonuria (PKU) or any other condition that requires you to restrict your intake of aspartame (or phenylalanine), consult your doctor or pharmacist about using this drug safely.
Consult your doctor before using this product if you have had a sudden change in bowel habits lasting more than 2 weeks or if you need to use a laxative daily for more than 1 week. These could be symptoms of a serious medical problem.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
It is not known if this drug passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
sodium phosphates oral Interactions
If you are taking this product under your doctor's direction, your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor or pharmacist first.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use, especially of: other drugs that may affect the kidneys (e.g., ACE inhibitors such as lisinopril, ARBs such as valsartan, diuretics/"water pills" such as furosemide/hydrochlorothiazide, NSAIDs such as ibuprofen/naproxen).
The watery bowel movements from sodium phosphate may cause your body to absorb less of your regular medicines and get less benefit from them. Consult your doctor or pharmacist about how to reduce this effect.
This document does not contain all possible interactions. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist.
sodium phosphates oral Overdose
If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: muscle weakness, fast/slow/irregular heartbeat, mental/mood changes (e.g., confusion).NOTES:
Keep all regular medical and laboratory appointments.
Laboratory and/or medical tests (e.g., kidney tests, sodium/potassium blood levels) may be performed periodically to monitor your progress or check for side effects. Consult your doctor for more details.
To maintain normal bowel habits, it is important to drink plenty of fluids (four to six 8-ounce glasses daily), eat foods high in fiber, and exercise regularly.MISSED DOSE:
Refer to storage information on the package label. If you have any questions about storage, ask your pharmacist. Do not freeze. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all drug products away from children and pets.
Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.
Information last revised April 2013. Copyright(c) 2013 First Databank, Inc.
Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.FDA.gov/medwatch or call 1-800-FDA-1088.
IMPORTANT: About User Reviews on RxList
RxList is part of the WebMD Health Network. The opinions expressed in the WebMD User Reviews are solely those of the User, who may or may not have medical or scientific training, and do not represent the opinions of WebMD. These member reviews have not been reviewed by a WebMD physician or any member of the WebMD editorial staff for accuracy, balance, objectivity, or any other purpose except for compliance with our Terms and Conditions. Some of these opinions may contain information about uses of the drug products that have not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. WebMD does not endorse any specific product, service or treatment.
WebMD User Reviews should not be considered as medical advice and are not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your care plan or treatment. WebMD understands that reading individual, real-life experiences may be a helpful health information resource but they are never a substitute for professional medical advice from a qualified healthcare provider.